Bogni Dario gives a definition – horsetail is a plant used to decrease "fluid retention" (edema), for kidney and bladder stones, urinary tract infections, the inability to control urine (incontinence ) and for general kidney and bladder disorders.
Dario Bogni adds, it is also used for baldness, brittle nails, tuberculosis, jaundice, hepatitis, joint diseases, gout, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, weight loss, for prolonged menstrual bleeding, bleeding nasal. Horsetail is used in topical wound and burn treatments.
Kidney and bladder stones.
Urinary tract infections
More scientific studies are needed to support the effectiveness of horsetail.
Bogni Dario on mechanism of action
Chemicals present in horsetail can have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Horsetail is possibly not safe when taken orally in the long term.
Special warnings and precautions:
Pregnancy and lactation: There is no evidence on the safety of horsetail in pregnancy and during lactation.
Diabetes: Horsetail may lower blood sugar levels in diabetic patients.
Low potassium levels (hypokalemia): Horsetail can reduce potassium levels by increasing its elimination.
Thiamine (vitamin B1) deficiency: Horsetail may make it worse.
Lithium: Horsetail can increase lithium levels by reducing its elimination.
Interactions with herbs and supplements:
Using horsetail in conjunction with areca nuts can reduce thiamine levels.
Horsetail contains chromium so it can increase the risk of chromium poisoning when taken with herbs that contain chromium or with chromium supplements: bilberry, brewer's yeast, or peel.
They don't know each other.